GUÍA DE MANTENIMIENTO DE VÍAS

GUÍA DE MANTENIMIENTO DE VÍAS

GUÍA DE MANTENIMIENTO DE VÍAS

¿DE QUE TRATA EL MANTENIMIENTO DE VIAS?

La carretera “GUÍA DE MANTENIMIENTO DE VÍAS” una vez efectuada la Construcción y Mejoramiento, ésta constituye un patrimonio nacional, el mismo que para asegurar su durabilidad se debe efectuar un permanente y adecuado mantenimiento, permitiendo una circulación vehicular  con comodidad y seguridad.

¿TAL VEZ BUSQUES ESTO?

El presente manual, tiene por finalidad presentar los conceptos que guían el mantenimiento y proporcionar normas de ejecución de las principales actividades, a fin de servir de base para la ejecución del mantenimiento de la vía.

OBJETIVO

Entre los objetivos del mantenimiento vial, está la preservación de las inversiones efectuadas en las labores de construcción o rehabilitación, asegurando la transitabilidad permanente, de modo cómodo y seguro; reduciendo los costos de operación y mantenimiento de los vehículos usuarios de la vía.

ANTECEDENTES

  • Tipos de Mantenimiento

 Las  actividades de mantenimiento, se clasifican de acuerdo a la frecuencia de aplicación en rutinarias y periódicas.

Mantenimiento Rutinario

Se realiza con carácter preventivo, de modo permanente y tiene por finalidad preservar los elementos de la carretera, conservando las condiciones que tenía después de la construcción o rehabilitación; incluye labores de limpieza de la plataforma, limpieza de las obras de drenaje, corte de la vegetación en el derecho de vía y reparaciones menores de los defectos puntuales de la plataforma. En los sistemas tercerizados se incluye también el cuidado y vigilancia de la vía.

  • Mantenimiento Periódico

Se realiza en períodos de un año o más, con la finalidad de recuperar las condiciones físicas de la carretera, deterioradas por el uso y evitar que se agraven los defectos, preservar las características superficiales de la vía y corregir defectos mayores puntuales; comprende las reparaciones de la carpeta asfáltica, de las obras de arte y drenaje, reparaciones de la señalización y elementos de seguridad.

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Actividades de Mantenimiento

Después de construida y rehabilitada la vía, éste se encuentra en buenas condiciones, el Mantenimiento Rutinario evita el desgaste prematuro, y cuando las condiciones han cambiado de bueno a regular se realiza el Mantenimiento Periódico a fin de restaurar las condiciones iniciales.

En carreteras asfaltadas, el indicador más usado en el Perú para definir cuando se requiere el mantenimiento periódico es el Índice de Rugosidad Internacional (IRI) propuesto por el Banco Mundial en 1986, que cuantifica la respuesta de un vehículo en movimiento a las variaciones en el perfil longitudinal, el valor de rugosidad para un pavimento nuevo está en el orden de 1.5 m/km y cuando el IRI es mayor a 5.5 m/km el pavimento requiere rehabilitación.

La capacidad del pavimento para soportar las cargas repetidas se determina mediante ensayos no destructivos, el más usado en el Perú es la medición de deflexiones con la Viga Benkelman.

CONTENIDO

Introducción

El Derecho de Vía

Definiciones de Mantenimiento

Objetivos del Mantenimiento

Tipos de Mantenimiento

Mantenimiento Rutinario

Mantenimiento Periódico

Actividades de Mantenimiento

Elementos de la vía que requieren mantenimiento

La Carpeta Asfáltica

Las obras de drenaje

El derecho de vía

Las obras de arte

La señalización y elementos de seguridad vial.

Aspectos operativos

Actividades Específica del Mantenimiento Rutinario

Indicadores de Mantenimiento Rutinario

Actividades Específicas del Mantenimiento Periódico

Cuidado y vigilancia de la vía

Atención de Emergencias

Puntos Críticos

Trabajos Complementarios en la Etapa de Mantenimiento

Conclusiones

Recomendaciones

 

                            👇COMPARTE AHORA Y DESCARGA GRATIS AQUÍ ABAJO👇

 

mayo 5, 2018

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